Addiction is a dependence on a behavior or sub-stance that a person is powerless to stop.
The term has been partially replaced by the word dependence for substance abuse.
Addiction has been extended, however, to include mood-altering behaviors or activities.
Some researchers speak of two types of addictions: substance addictions (for example, alcoholism, drug abuse, and smoking); and process addictions (for example, gambling, spending, shopping, eating, and sexual activity).
There is a growing recognition that many addicts, such as polydrug abusers, are addicted to more than one sub-stance or process.
Addiction is one of the most costly public health problems in the United States.
It is a progressive syndrome, which means that it increases in severity over time unless it is treated.
Substance abuse is characterized by frequent relapse, or return to the abused substance.
Substance abusers often make repeated attempts to quit before they are successful.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, abuse of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs is costly to our Nation, exacting more than $740 billion annually in costs related to crime, lost work productivity and health care.
By eighth grade, 52% of adolescents have consumed alcohol, 41% have smoked tobacco, and 20% have smoked marijuana.
Compared to females, males are almost four times as likely to be heavy drinkers, nearly one and a half more likely to smoke a pack or more of cigarettes daily, and twice as likely to smoke marijuana weekly.
However, among adolescents these gender differences are decreasing.
Although frequent use of tobacco, cocaine and heavy drinking appears to have remained stable in the 1990s, marijuana use increased.
In 1999, an estimated four million Americans over the age of 12 used prescription pain relievers, sedatives, and stimulants for “non-medical” reasons during one month.
In the United States, 25% of the population regularly uses tobacco.
Tobacco use reportedly kills 2.5 times as many people each year as alcohol and drug abuse combined.
According to 1998 data from the World Health Organization, there were 1.1 billion smokers Worldwide, tobacco use causes nearly 6 million deaths per year which averages to 16,438 tobacco-related deaths per day.
Furthermore, in the United States, 43% of children aged 2-11 years are exposed to environmental tobacco smoke, which has been implicated in sudden infant death syndrome,low birth weight, asthma, middle ear disease, pneumonia, cough, and upper respiratory infection.
Eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating, affect over five million American women and men. Fifteen percent of young women have substantially disordered attitudes toward eating and eating behaviors.
More than 1,000 women die each year from anorexia nervosa. A 1997 Harvard study found that an estimated 15.4 million Americans suffered from a gambling addiction. Over half that number (7.9 million) were adolescents.
About Addiction and Addicts
Addictions Heading to Disaster
How to be Delivered From Drugs, Sexual Perversion, & All Addictions
Online Recovery Communities
Personality Types and Addictions
The Principles Behind The 12 Steps Of Addiction Recovery
Alcohol Addiction Guide
Alcohol Addiction Articles
Action Of Alcohol on Internal Organs
Alcohol and Drug Addiction
Alcohol And Pregnancy
Alcohol Has No Food Value
Alcoholism and Drug Addiction
Effect of Alcohol on the Membranes
Effects of Alcohol on the Blood
How Alcohol Causes Mental and Moral Changes
How Alcohol Retards Digestion
Drug Addiction Guide
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Crystal Meth Addiction
Causes of Drug Addiction
Definition of Drug Addiction
Drug Abuse and Addiction
Drug Addiction and Pregnancy
Drug Addiction and the Family
Drug Addiction Facts
Effects of Drug Addiction
Overcome Marijuana Addiction
Prescription Drug Addiction
Signs of Drug Addiction
What is Food Addiction
Overcoming Food Addiction
Food Addiction Articles
The Ritual of Food Addiction
4 Signs Of Fast Food Addiction
Addiction To Food And Your Health
Curbing Food Addiction Naturally
Food Addiction: A Craving Your Body Can’t Seem to Control
How Do I Stop Eating – Advice For Bingers
I Have an Eating Disorder and Want to Stop
Is the Amount of Food You Eat a Problem?
Six Keys to Successfully Changing Your Eating Habits
Gambling Addiction Articles
Gambling Addiction Guide
How to Deal with a Gambling Problem
How to Get Rid of a Gambling Addiction
The Secrets to Avoiding Addictive Gambling
The Social Impacts of Gambling
What Makes Gambling Addictive
When Gambling Becomes an Addiction
Internet Addiction Articles
Internet Addiction Guide
Does Your Child have an Internet Addiction?
Children’s Internet Usage: How Parents Can Take Control
Cyber Addiction Grows
Is Your Child Addicted to the Internet?
Online Infidelity – Is Your Partner Having a Cyber Affair?
The Internet – Blessing Or Curse?
Understanding Online Addictions
Sex Addiction FAQs
Sexual Addiction Articles
How To Get Rid Of Your Pornography Addiction
How to Overcome Addiction to Pornography
Pornography and Sexual Addictions are Destroying Relationships
Pornography Addiction Needs To Be Checked
Self Hypnosis for Masturbation Addiction
Sex, Society and the Internet
Tobacco / Smoking:
Nicotine Addiction Articles
What Causes Nicotine Addiction?
Break The Chains Of Nicotine Addiction Forever
How Addictive Are Cigarettes?
Nicotine Addiction – The Reality
Nicotine Addiction is a Serious Problem
What Causes Nicotine Addiction?